Case Reports

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AORTA, December 2017, Volume 5, Issue 6:181-183
DOI: 10.12945/j.aorta.2017.17.056

Use of Iliac Branch Device for Endovascular Treatment for Abdominal Aorta Aneurysm with Small Diameter Neck

Umberto G. Rossi, MD, EBIR1,2*, Davide Santuari, MD3, Raffaello Dallatana, MD3, Maurizio Cariati, MD1

1Department of Diagnostic Science, Radiology and Interventional Radiology Unit, ASST Santi Paolo and Carlo Hospital, Milano, Italy

2Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Interventional Radiology Unit, Galliera Hospital Genova, Italy

3Department of Surgery, Vascular Surgery Unit, ASST Santi Paolo and Carlo Hospital Milano, Italy

Abstract

We present the case of a 78-year-old female patient with a 4.5 cm symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm with a small diameter infrarenal aortic neck (13 mm in diameter) that underwent endovascular treatment by an iliac branch device as a bifurcated aortic stent-graft.

Introduction

Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) with a small diameter infrarenal aortic neck is a challenge for endovascular treatment, as it requires careful pre-treatment planning and familiarity with multiple devices.

Case Presentation

A 78-year-old woman with a 4.5-cm symptomatic AAA was evaluated using multidetector computed tomography (Figure 1A). On post-processing measurement, the infrarenal aortic neck was 13 mm in diameter (Figure 1B), with a length from renal arteries to iliac bifurcation of 65.1 mm (Figure 1C). The patient was evaluated for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Due to the small diameter of the proximal neck and the short length of the abdominal aorta, we chose a Jotec E-iliac stent-graft system (proximal diameter, 16 mm; length of proximal stent from the contralateral left side branch, 65 mm) and a 10 × 57 mm Eventus covered stent as a left iliac limb.

Figure 1.

Panel A. Multidetector computed tomography coronal volume rendering technique demonstrating the abdominal aorta aneurysm lumen. Panel B. Infrarenal aortic neck 13 mm in diameter. Panel C. Length from renal arteries to iliac bifurcation of 65.1 mm.

media/vol5/issue6/images/aorta-05-181-g001.jpg

With the patient under spinal anesthesia and with right femoral surgical accesses, the iliac branch device was introduced with its proximal stent below the left renal artery (Figure 2A) and deployed after abdominal aorta angiography. From percutaneous 7-F left femoral access, the left side branch was cannulated. Then, after angiographic confirmation, the covered stent was deployed. The proximal neck on both iliac limbs underwent molding-balloon dilatation. A final abdominal aorta angiogram confirmed correct positioning of the devices, complete exclusion of the AAA, and patency of renal arteries, abdominal aorta graft, and iliac arteries (Figure 2B). Clinical and imaging follow-up at 1 year demonstrated complete technical and clinical success (Figure 3).

Figure 2.

Panel A. Digital subtraction angiography of abdominal aorta with the iliac branch device with its proximal stent below the left renal artery. Panel B. Final digital subtraction angiography of the abdominal aorta confirming correct positioning of the devices.

media/vol5/issue6/images/aorta-05-181-g002.jpg
Figure 3.

Multidetector computed tomography coronal volume rendering technique at 1 year demonstrating abdominal aorta aneurysm exclusion with patency of the endograft.

media/vol5/issue6/images/aorta-05-181-g003.jpg

Discussion

Small diameter aorta neck and iliac vessels are one of the most common anatomic reasons for exclusion of AAA from EVAR [1], especially for elderly atherosclerotic patients. In these patients, other endovascular techniques have been performed, such as single EVAR limb and femoro-femoral cross-over bypass, double-barrel-covered stent, aorta-covered stent associated with double-barrel-covered stent for iliac arteries, and custom small EVAR.

To our knowledge, the treatment of AAA with small diameters using an iliac branch device as a bifurcated endoprosthesis is a new technique in the literature [2]. Endovascular appliances and techniques continue to evolve, permitting treatment of previously prohibitive anatomies [3].

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflict of interest relevant to this publication.

References

  1.  
    Jackson BM, Carpenter JP. Devices used for endovascular aneurysm repair: past, present, and future. Semin Intervent Radiol.2009;26:39-43. DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1208382
  2.  
    Shiraev TP, Dubenec S. Novel use of an iliac branch device in the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Ann Vasc Surg.2016;34:272.e1-e4. DOI: 10.1016/j.avsg.2016.01.014
  3.  
    Cariati M, Mingazzini P, Dallatana R, Rossi UG, Settembrini A, Santuari D. Endovascular treatment of a symptomatic thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm by chimney and periscope techniques for total visceral and renal arteries revascularization. Cardiovas Intervent Radiol.2014;37:251-256. DOI: 10.1007/s00270-013-0622-2

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Cite this article as: Rossi UG, Santuari D, Dallatana R, Cariati M. Use of Iliac Branch Device for Endovascular Treatment for Abdominal Aorta Aneurysm with Small Diameter Neck. AORTA (Stamford). 2017;5(6):181-183. DOI: 10.12945/j.aorta.2017.17.056

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