A 75-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department with severe sudden chest pain, signs of malperfusion of the right arm, and left-sided hemiplegia. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed an acute aortic dissection Stanford Type A. Preoperative transesophageal echocardiography (Video 1; see supplemental Video 1 at https://doi.org/10.12945/j.aorta.2016.16.048.vid.01) demonstrated a complete circumferential dissection of the ascending aorta with remaining attachment in close proximity to both coronary ostia. An invagination of the complete intimal flap across the aortic valve into the left ventricle was seen during diastole (Figure 1A). During systole, the flap was pumped into the left ventricular outflow tract (Figure 1B). As a result of this intussusception, the patient showed severe aortic insufficiency. Furthermore, a dissection of the brachiocephalic trunk with occlusion of the true lumen was observed. Despite severe aortic insufficiency and repetitive occlusion of both coronary ostia, the patient showed no periods of hypotension. There was no need for inotropes or intubation.https://www.youtube.com/embed/dU444VU_I3gVideo 1.
Due to impending hemodynamic collapse, emergency surgery was performed. After opening the pericardium, the floating intimal membrane was visible under a transparent adventitial layer. The aortic root was repaired using tissue adhesives, and replacement of the supracommisural ascending aorta was performed. The existing intimal flap was additionally fixed with the main graft to the root suture line. Subsequently, the brachiocephalic trunk and aortic hemiarch were replaced under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Postoperative computed tomography scanning after surgery confirmed adequate perfusion of the supra-aortic vessels and complete occlusion of the false lumen. The patient was transferred to the admitting clinic after 4 days. Preoperatively existing aphasia improved significantly after 3 weeks of rehabilitation.