Case Report

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AORTA, June 2016, Volume 4, Issue 3:108-110
DOI: 10.12945/j.aorta.2016.15.028

Chronic Type A Aortic Dissection and Giant Aortic Root Aneurysm After Aortic Valve Replacement

Andrés Enríquez Puga, MD1, Sara Castaño Rodríguez, MD2, Blanca Mateos Pañero, MD3, Beatriz Castaño Moreira, MD3, Luis Fernando López Almodóvar, MD4*

1Department of Radiology, Virgen de la Salud Hospital, Toledo, Spain

2Department of Cardiology, Virgen del Prado Hospital, Talavera de la Reina, Spain

3Department of Cardiac Anesthesia, Virgen de la Salud Hospital, Toledo, Spain

4Department of Cardiac Surgery, Virgen de la Salud Hospital, Toledo, Spain

Abstract

We describe a case of a 61-year-old man with a giant aortic root aneurysm associated with chronic aortic Type A dissection. The patient had been operated on 16 years before due to aortic annuloectasia, with a mechanical valve replacement. The patient underwent redo aortic surgery with a Bentall-De Bono operation with Svensson modification, using a #21 On-X Valsalva mechanical valve conduit. The postoperative course was uneventful.

Introduction

Herein we illustrate the surgical management of a giant aortic root aneurysm with aortic dissection in a patient that had been operated on several years before due to aortic annuloectasia with an aortic valve replacement.

Case Presentation

A 61-year-old male patient had undergone aortic valve replacement due to aortic annuloectasia using a #23 St. Jude Medical mechanical valve prosthesis. A 4.5-cm aortic root aneurysm was not removed, probably because the aortic valve was trileaflet. By 2007, the aortic root had grown to 7 cm, but surgery was not performed at another institution due to the high risk, so the patient stopped follow-up.

In 2015, the patient was admitted to our hospital with thoracic pain. Computed tomography revealed a 11.3 × 10.7 × 10.1-cm aortic root aneurysm with a Stanford Type A dissection (Figures 1 and 2). The patient underwent aortic root surgery (Figure 3) with removal of the previous prosthesis and Bentall procedure using a #21 On-X Valsalva mechanical valve conduit. The distant left main coronary ostium was easily reattached to the ascending conduit via a 10-mm interposition graft (Svensson modification [1]). The right coronary artery button was easily mobilized and conventionally reattached (Figure 4).

Figure 1.

Preoperative 3D computed tomography scan reconstruction of the giant root aneurysm.

media/vol4/issue3/images/aorta-04-108-g001.jpg
Figure 2.

Computed tomography scan showing the giant aortic root aneurysm with an intimal flap (white arrows).

media/vol4/issue3/images/aorta-04-108-g002.jpg
Figure 3.

Intraoperative view of the aortic aneurysm.

media/vol4/issue3/images/aorta-04-108-g003.jpg
Figure 4.

Bentall operation with Svensson modification.

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Pathology showed a chronic dissection with an intimal tear close to the origin of the left main coronary ostium. Histology showed subendothelial fibrosis with calcified areas due to atherosclerosis.

The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged home on postoperative day 8.

Discussion

Aortic root replacement should be considered at the time of aortic valve replacement in young patients with moderate enlargement of the ascending aorta and aortic annuloectasia, regardless of aortic valve phenotype.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflict of interest relevant to this publication.

Reference

  1.  
    Svensson LG. Approach to the insertion of composite valve graft. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992;54:376–378. DOI: 10.1016/0003-4975(92)91409-3

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Cite this article as: Puga AE, Rodríguez SC, Pañero BM, Moreira BC, López Almodóvar LF. Chronic Type A Aortic Dissection and Giant Aortic Root Aneurysm After Aortic Valve Replacement. AORTA (Stamford). 2016;4(3):108-110. DOI: 10.12945/j.aorta.2016.15.028

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